Volcanoes are a feature of Ecuador. The capital city Quito has three large volcanoes within the suburbs. Cotopaxi, one of the world's highest and active volcanoes, lies just south of Quito. Mount Chimborazo at 6,310 metres high is considered to be the most distant point from the center of the earth, helped by the fact that the globe is wider at the equator.
Although the country is not as large as other South American countries, particularly large (about the same size of the U.S. state of Colorado), there is huge variation in the climate, mainly due to differing altitude. The Pacific coastal area has a wet tropical climate. The Andean highlands ranges from is temperate and dry to alpine. The Amazon Basin to the east of the Andes has a wet and humid climate.
Ecuador experiences little variation in daylight hours during the year because of its location on the equator .